Nigeria to Witness More Malaria Cases As Mosquitoes Develop Resistance - NIMR' - QUESTIONS ASKED ABOUT THIS REPORT - Health Resource International West Africa (HRI)

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Wednesday, 21 June 2017

Nigeria to Witness More Malaria Cases As Mosquitoes Develop Resistance - NIMR' - QUESTIONS ASKED ABOUT THIS REPORT


Dear All,

We are always thrilled to read that Nigerian Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) has conducted a study and released its result, because it is not a common occurrence. So, when we read the
Newspaper report below, we were very happy. But the manner of and where such an important research report is found matters to Nigerians and the Global Health World fellow scientists, academics and practitioners. It should also matter to policy makers and funders of NIMR including the Federal Ministry of Health, etc. Perhaps the details of the study have been published in a peer review scientific Journal, but if not why not?. We assume that the Newspaper report is only a post study media promotion. But surely if the findings are to be given the desired credence, as expected by NIMR, the study should conform to well established scholarly research work. And who better to say so than a peer reviewed scholarly publication, local or international.
The NIMR calls for government to give it powers to engage in other forms of study on malaria control such as "Sterile Insect techniques" and "genetic modified mosquito" . Well and good, but government must ensure that NIMR has answers to the global concern and measures to safeguard people and communities where such novel gene manipulation are to be tried.
We are reminded that not too long ago plans to introduce genetically engineered insects / mosquitoes in Burkina Faso brought about statements/warnings like this, ‘scientists still face a challenge: making sure that people understand and accept the newfangled genetic technology behind it all. That means building trust and doing basic education — explaining not only the impact of genetically engineered insects arriving in their homes, but also what genetics is in the first place.’’
Hopefully, we shall hear more from NIMR or the FMOH on this news report.

READ ON -
 ‘’All Africa. Vanguard (Lagos)                        21 JUNE 2017

Nigeria to Witness More Malaria Cases As Mosquitoes Develop Resistance - NIMR

By Gabriel Olawale and Adeshina Oluwaseyi

The Nigeria Institute of Medical Research, NIMR, has raised alarm over the increasing incidence of mosquito resistance to Long Lasting Insecticide Nets, LLINs, in 18 states of the federation, even as over 50 million Nigerians still test positive to malaria annually.
In a new report released, yesterday, by the institute, it was revealed that Lagos, Ogun and Niger states have the highest incidence of resistance cases.
Other states where resistance have been reported include Jigawa, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto, Zamfara, Benue, Kwara, Nasarawa, Plateau, Anambra, Enugu, Rivers, Ondo, Osun and Oyo.
Giving insight into the outcome of the report, Deputy Director & Head, Public Health Department, NIMR, Dr. Sam Awolola, said since 2003, over 182 million LLINs had been distributed in Nigeria, with only 16 percent reduction rate in 2008 to 2011 which have not been sustained.
Awolola regretted that one of the consequences of the development was that more deaths from malaria were imminent in the affected areas, adding that the situation called for great concern.
He blamed the new trend of resistance to use of same reagents on agricultural products, stressing that "basically, one of the major factors that contributed to insecticide resistance is the use of same reagents for agriculture globally. Most of the insecticide used in public health are also used in agriculture, which is a major source of resistance."
Corroborating his views, Director General of NIMR, Prof. Babatunde Salako, said the progress Nigeria had made in combating malaria was under threat due to the spread of insecticide resistance.
"There is clear evidence that insecticide resistance has been confirmed in at least 20 states across Nigeria. There is a gap of resistant data in 14 states which requires urgent attention," he said.
He explained that such resistance could lead to public health crisis, as insecticide resistance could quickly over power the current portfolio of vector control tools, especially LLINs.
Salako said it was high time the country did away with 'one-size-fits-all' approach, and embrace multiple vector control interventions.
"There is need to explore alternative non-chemical base control measures," he said.
Salako called on government to support a large scale operational research on deployment and use of PBO-LLINs in insecticide-resistance hot spot areas.
"The government should commission NIMR as a hub for vector surveillance and insecticide resistance mapping in Nigeria.
"Empower NIMR to explore the use of alternative mosquito control measures such as the "Sterile Insect techniques" and "genetic modified mosquito" for malaria control in Nigeria," he said ’’ 
.
Joseph Ana

Africa Center for Clin Gov Research & Patient Safety
@ HRI West Africa Group - HRI WA
Consultants in Clinical Governance Implementation
Publisher: Health and Medical Journals 
8 Amaku Street Housing Estate, Calabar
Cross River State, Nigeria
Phone No. +234 (0) 8063600642


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