clinical governance - 'Are You Familiar With These Conditions Associated With Depression? - Health Resource International West Africa (HRI)

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Friday, 2 February 2018

clinical governance - 'Are You Familiar With These Conditions Associated With Depression?




Fast Five Quiz: Are You Familiar With These Conditions Associated With Depression?
Stephen Soreff, MD                              January 02, 2018

Depression is common, with more than 300 million people affected worldwide. From 2009 to 2012, 7.6% of Americans aged 12 years or older had depression (moderate or severe depressive symptoms in the past 2 weeks). Although significant on its own, depression is also associated with numerous other medical conditions, both psychiatric and physical.

For example, bipolar disorder is characterized by periods of deep, prolonged, and profound depression that alternate with periods of an excessively elevated or irritable mood (known as "mania"), and dysthymia represents a consolidation of chronic major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder, according to the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). Depression is also related to other conditions, such as dementia and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
Test your knowledge on depression screening and key aspects of depression-related conditions with this quick quiz.
Which of the following is accurate about depression screening?
The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale balances positively worded and negatively worded questions and is useful in monitoring treatment as well as general screening
The Beck Depression Inventory is the screening tool most widely administered by psychiatrists; it has a high sensitivity but relatively low specificity in identifying major depression
The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale contains a relatively large number of cognitive and affective symptoms and relatively few somatic symptoms
In terms of self-rating scales, the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ2) is generally considered to be substantially more sensitive than the Major Depression Inventory (MDI)

This is shared courtesy of Medscape.
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